8:30 am - 9:20 am
Lecture I: Nanoscience & Nanotechnology – the world at the nanoscale
9:30 am - 10:20 am
Abstract: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: two words that were hardly known prior to the mid-1970s, whereas they have become part of today’s jargon to a great number of people regardless of their background. So what do these two words mean? Nanoscience is simply the study of the properties of small things at the nanometer scale, while Nanotechnology has come to refer to some to be (i) the manipulation atoms and molecules to fabricate macroscale products (molecular nanotechnology), (ii) the manipulation of matter at the atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale, and (iii) the manipulation of matter with dimensions from 1 to 100 nanometers. Regardless, the most important characteristics of Nanotechnology are that nanomatter acquires new properties that enable the development of new products with new functions. In his 1959 talk, There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom, Nobel Laureate Richard Feynman discussed the possible synthesis of nanomatter by direct manipulation of atoms (the bottom-up approach).
The term “Nanotechnology", was coined in 1974 by Prof. Norio Taniguchi (Tokyo University of Science) to describe semiconductor processes such as thin film deposition and ion beam milling exhibiting characteristic control on the order of a nanometer, and defined "Nano-technology” as consisting mainly of the processing of separation, consolidation, and deformation of materials by one atom or one molecule . Despite the above, however, Eric Drexler, who is credited as “the founding father of nanotechnology” noted in his 1986 book Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology  that a fundamental objective of the technology is to use machines that work at the molecular scale to structure matter from the bottom up.
So is nanotechnology a recent event? Note quite! In fact, the use of nanotechnology has been around for over 3 millennials with the discovery of soluble gold in Egypt and China in the period 1200–1300 BC , followed by the use of carbon nanotubes and cementite nanowires in the micro-structure of Wootz Steel around 600 BC in India . However, Romans were not to be outdone as they knew how to create and manipulate nanoparticles to produce beautiful art as attested by the Lycurgus Cup (290–325 AD – Alexandria/Rome), which appears jade green when lit from the front but blood-red when lit from behind . In the post-Renaissance period (1600 to 1860) several books were written on colloidal gold and drinkable gold culminating with Michael Faraday’s synthesis of colloidal gold at the Royal Institution in 1857.
The lecture will discuss these together with presenting novel methods to generate metallic nanoparticles, their applications as well as examples of molecular nanotechnology which was the subject of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry .
 N. Taniguchi, "On the Basic Concept of 'Nano-Technology'," Proceedings of the International Conference of Product Engineering, Tokyo, Part II, Japan Society of Precision Engineering, 1974.
Lecture II: The transistor turns 70. And now what?
10:20 am - 11:10 am
O. Moutanabbir, Polytechnique Montréal
Abstract: If each era is defined by disruptive and influential discoveries and inventions such as fire, wheel and steam engine that enabled quantum leaps in mankind’s behavior and lifestyle, our era is inarguably marked by silicon and silicon-enabledtransistors. Indeed, this invention has profoundly revolutionized the way we communicate, collect and transfer information, use and preserve natural resources, and interact with our local and global environments. For instance, none of the digital wonders we enjoy today from internet searches to wireless communications would be possible without the mastery of integrated circuits and computer chips. Within this broad context, this lecture will outline the physics and engineering concepts behind current and potential applications in electronics, optoelectronics, spintronics, and quantum information. The lecture will also reflect on the outstanding scientific challenges in mainstream and emerging silicon-compatible materials and devices and discuss potential solutions for current and future opportunities.
11:10 am - 11:40 am
Lecture III: Luminescent Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications
11:40 am - 12:30 pm
F. Vetrone, INRS
Abstract: Luminescent inorganic nanoparticles, particularly those stimulated with near-infrared (NIR) light,have been explored for a plethora of biological and medical applications. The biggest impact of such materials would be in the field of disease diagnostics and therapeutics, now commonly referred to as theranostics. Here, we will focus on NIR perturbable nanoparticles since excitation in the optically transparent “biological windows” mitigates some of the drawbacks associated with high-energy light (UV or blue) excitation, for example, little to no background autofluorescence from the specimen under investigation as well as no incurred photodamage. Moreover, one of the biggest limitations is of course, that of penetration. As such, NIR light can penetrate tissues much better than high-energy light especially when these wavelengths lie within the three biological windows. Thus, significant strides have been made in the synthesis of inorganic nanomaterials whose excitation as well as emission bands lie within one of these three optically transparent biological windows.
We present the synthesis of various NIR excited (and emitting) inorganic core/shell nanostructures and demonstrate their potential use in various biomedical applications. Furthermore, we will show how such nanoparticles can be used as building blocks towards developing multifunctional nanoplatforms for simultaneous detection and therapy of disease.
Lecture IV: Flexible, stretchable and healable electronics
2:00 pm - 2:50 pm
F. Cicoira, Polytechnique Montréal
Abstract: Organic electronics, based on semiconducting and conducting polymers, have been extensively investigated in the past two decades and have found commercial applications in lighting panels, smartphone screens, and TV screens using OLEDs (organic light emitting diodes) technology. Many other applications are foreseen to reach the commercial maturity in future in areas such as transistors, sensors and photovoltaics.
Organic electronic devices, apart from consumer applications, are paving the path for key applications at the interface between electronics and biology, such as in polymer electrodes for recording and stimulating neural activity in neurological diseases. In such applications, organic polymers are very attractive candidates due to their distinct property of mixed conduction: the ability to transport both electron/holes and ionic species. Additionally, conducting polymers offer the possibility to tune their surface properties (e.g., wettability or chemical reactivity) by changing their oxidation state, thus promoting or hindering the adhesion of biomolecules. This feature can be particularly useful for enhancing the biocompatibility of implantable electrodes.
My lecture will deal with processing and characterization of conducting polymer films and devices for flexible, stretchable and healable electronics. I will particularly focus on micro-patterning of conducting polymer films for flexible and stretchable devices and on grafting of biological species on conducting polymer surfaces.
 S. Zhang, E. Hubis, G. Tomasello, G. Soliveri, P. Kumar, F. Cicoira, Patterning of Stretchable Organic Electrochemical Transistors, Chem. Mater., in press, 2017 (DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00181).
 Z. Yi, L. Bettini, G. Tomasello, P. Kumar, P. Piseri, I. Valitova, P. Milani, F. Soavi, F. Cicoira, Flexible conducting polymer transistors with supercapacitor function, J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. , 2016, in press.
 S. Zhang, E. Hubis, P. Kumar, C. Girard, F. Cicoira, Water stability and orthogonal patterning of flexible microelectrochemical transistors on plastic, J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 1382–85, 2016.
 P. Kumar, Z. Yi, S. Zhang, A. Sekar, F. Soavi, F. Cicoira, Effect of Channel Thickness, Electrolyte Ions and Dissolved Oxygen on the performance of Organic Electrochemical Transistors, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107,053303, 2015.
 Z. Yi, G. Natale, P. Kumar, E. Di Mauro, M. C. Heuzey, F. Soavi, I. I. Perepichka, S. K. Varshney, C. Santato, F. Cicoira, Ionic liquid/water mixtures and ion gels as electrolytes for organic electrochemical transistors, J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 6549 - 6553, 2015.
 O. Berezhetska, B. Liberelle, G. De Crescenzo, F. Cicoira , A Simple Approach for Protein Covalent Grafting on Conducting Polymer Films, J. Mater. Chem. B 3, 5087 - 5094, 2015.
 S. Zhang, P. Kumar, A. S. Nouas, L. Fontaine, H. Tang, F. Cicoira , Solvent-induced changes in PEDOT:PSS films for organic electrochemical transistors, APL Mat. 3, 014911, 2015.
 H. Tang, P. Kumar, S. Zhang, Z. Yi, G. De Crescenzo, C. Santato, F. Soavi, F. Cicoira , Conducting polymer transistors making use of activated carbon gate electrodes, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 969−973, 2015.
Lecture V: Raman Spectroscopy of 2D Materials: Fundamentals
2:50 pm - 3:40 pm
S. Francoeur, Polytechnique Montreal
Raman spectroscopy is finding an exceptionally wide range of applications in both pure and applied science and its contributions to the fields of chemistry, physics and material science has made this optical spectroscopy technique one of the most important characterization techniques for the development of new materials. This is particularly true for 2D materials like graphene and black phosphorus, where Raman spectroscopy has played a critical role in their development.
In addition to providing vibrational energies and revealing electron-phonon interactions, Raman spectroscopy can determine the symmetry and atomic structure, measure the sample thickness with monolayer resolution, identify the presence of defects and disorder, evaluate the charge doping, and measure strain induced by the environment. Through its coupling with nearby electronic states, resonant Raman spectroscopy also provides critical information on the electronic band structure.
Fundamentals : In this first part, I will develop the physical concepts related to Raman scattering and its connection to the phonon band structure and electronic band structure. The classical and quantum theory of Raman scattering will be presented; the first provides useful insights and the second rigorously express the intricate connection between electronic and vibrational states.
Lecture VI: Biomedical Micro/Nanodevice Based Imaging Systems
4:10 pm - 5:00 pm
John T. W. Yeow, University of Waterloo
Abstract:The emergence of minimally invasive diagnostics and therapeutics in modern high-tech medicine has generated an unmet demand in miniaturized biomedical devices. There exist a definite need for clinical diagnostic and treatment instruments that are based on micro and nanotechnologies. In the past decade, micromachining technology and nanomaterials are making big impacts in many fields, especially in the field of biomedical engineering. The small size and low mass provided by micro/nanodevices make medical instruments portable, power efficient, and, in many cases, more effective. This talk will focus on the current development of the state-of-the-art miniaturized X-ray CT machines, and MEMS-based imaging devices.
Lecture: CMC Microsystems
5:00 pm - 5:30 pm